What is Duchenne muscular dystrophy?
Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is a rapidly progressive form of muscular dystrophy, especially among men. It is caused by a change (mutation) of a gene, the so-called DMD gene, which is inherited in families in the x-linked recessive trait can be, but it occurs often in people from families without a known family of the disease. DMD is a person who has a progressive loss of muscle function and weakness that starts in the lower extremities. The DMD gene is the second largest to date, which encodes the muscle protein dystrophin. Boys with Duchenne muscular dystrophy do not make the protein dystrophin in their muscles.
Duchenne muscular dystrophy affects approximately 1 in 3,500 male births worldwide. Because it is a hereditary disease, pose risks in the family of Duchenne muscular dystrophy.