Rheumatic Conditions and Types of Arthritis

Osteoarthritis
Osteoarthritis develops in the wearing aside of joint cartilage. It is degenerative in nature as well as the considerable harm brought on by too much strain about the joints and its bordering tissues is characterized by:

pain
soreness
swelling
difficulty of movement
In its early stages, osteoarthritis is rarely symptomatic and primarily non-inflammatory. It develops slowly and is also tough to detect because it impacts only a minimum amount of joints. more often than not, osteoarthritis strikes the:
hands
hips
knees
spine
Advancing age raises the danger of acquiring osteoarthritis. Trauma to the joints, obesity and repetitive joint use comprise the other danger factors of the disease.
Rheumatoid Arthritis
Rheumatoid arthritis occurs when the synovium, the cell lining inside the joint, is mistakenly damaged through the bodys’ personal immune system. This type of arthritis is a long-term autoimmune syndrome which can be potentially disabling. It is often marked by:
joint pain
joint incapacity
swelling
stiffness
Rheumatoid arthritis is tough to pin straight down at its onset due to the minimal amount of symptoms. The leads to with this type of arthritis are even now unknown, but physicians are pointing to heredity as one of its chief causes.
Juvenile Arthritis
Children can also be afflicted by a type of arthritis known as juvenile arthritis. It may be the most common type of arthritis that besets children. The three significant types of juvenile arthritis are:
pauciarticular (affecting only a minimum amount of joints)
polyarticular (involving more than several joints)
systematic (impacting the whole body)
Indicators of juvenile rheumatoid arthritis are several for each and every child, and also a assortment of tests are required to decide the appropriate diagnosis. children suffering from juvenile arthritis have to ascertain the presence of the disorder for more than a four week period prior to it can be properly identified.
Psoriatic Arthritis
Five % of people with psoriasis (a long-term skin disorder) are impacted by psoriatic arthritis. Like rheumatoid arthritis, the joints, and in some cases the spine, are subjected to inflammation.
Fibromyalgia
Although this disorder does not include joint deformity, this gentle tissue and muscular rheumatism prospects to muscle, ligament and tendon pain, and is also indicated by:
chronic tiredness
inferior sleep
muscle soreness

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Gout
Another painful type of arthritis is Gout. This form of the disorder is characterized by unexpected bursts of intense pain, soreness, warmth and reddening of the impacted areas, and joint swelling, especially with the big toe. Gout is believed to get the result of excess uric acid crystals that are leached out of the our blood and settle inside the joint.
Pseudogout / CPPD
Calcium phosphate crystals which form with the joints can cause calcium Pyrophosphate Dihydrate Deposition disorder (CPPD), or Psuedogout. The symptoms of Psuedogout are very similar to Gout, and like a result, it is often misdiagnosed as gouty arthritis. administration and treatment of CPPD is different, as well.
Scleroderma
Hardening and thickening of the surrounding skin characterizes Scleroderma, a disorder affecting the connective tissues of the body. Two types with this disease, equally the localized and generalized forms, also impair other parts of the system like the:
blood vessels
joints
internal organs

Lupus / Systemic Lupus Erythematosus
Another autoimmune disease, Systemic lupus erythematosus leads to anaemia, arthritis, long-term tiredness, fever, tresses loss, kidney complications, mouth ulcers and skin eruptions. almost 90 % of sufferers are women, especially those of childbearing age. However, children and more mature adults can also contract the disease. Lupus impacts the:
blood vessels
heart
joints
kidneys
nervous system
internal organs
surrounding skin

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
Carpal tunnel syndrome begins with tingling and numbness with the fingers brought on by stress about the wrists median nerve. This condition can set in slowly or with unexpected abruptness. while it is dissimilar to other types of arthritis, it sometimes linked to other types of the disease, like rheumatoid arthritis.
Ankylosing Spondylitis
This long-term inflammatory condition of the spine can cause fusion of the vertebrae, resulting in rigidity of the spinal column. The disorder starts by settling into the tissue surrounding the joint, creating lingering stiffness and discomfort with the lower back.
Medical science has yet to uncover the exact cause with this disease, which impacts other joints in addition to the spine. It has become noted, however, that spondylitis sufferers all have HLA-B27, a genetic marker setting apart people who have the highest danger of acquiring the disorder. males aged among 16 to 35 would be the types typically affected, although the disorder can also strike women.
Bursitis / Tendonitis
These types of arthritis are recognized by their chiefly inflammatory symptoms. Bursitis is characterized by inflamed bursa sacs, fluid-filled sacs that help muscle groups and tendons proceed smoothly across the bones. Tendonitis, or tendinitis is an inflammation of the tendons, connective elastic tissue found among the bones and muscles. The tendon sheath can also be susceptible to inflammation, leading to a disorder known as tenosynovitis. In all cases, the inflammation outcomes in stiff and painful movement.
Guide to Bursitis
Guide to Tendinitis

Infectious Arthritis
Bacteria, virus and fungi would be the culprits involved in Infectious arthritis. To diagnose this type of arthritis, culturing a tissue sample in the infected joint determines the existence of those microorganisms. Infectious arthritis comes in several forms, namely:
Septic arthritis brought on by a bacterial invasion.
Tuberculous arthritis common in tuberculosis sufferers.
Fungal arthritis stemming from fungal infection.
Gonococcal arthritis occurring with those infected with gonorrhoea.
Viral arthritis resulting from viral infections.

Lyme Disease
Lyme disorder is often brought on by the bite of an infected deer tick. This disorder typically targets:
eyes
heart
joints
nervous system
skin

Reactive Arthritis
Also known as Reiter’s syndrome, Reactive arthritis leads to inflammation of the joints, especially with the areas of ligament and tendon connection. sufferers with this type of arthritis experience other illnesses like:
cervicitis
conjuctivitis
cystitis
skin sores
prostatitis
urethritis

Sjogren’s Syndrome
Sjorgren’s Syndrome leads to irregularity with the capabilities of the moisture-producing glands of the body, resulting in dryness with the salivary and lacrimal (tear-producing) glands. This disorder can also be characterized by other physical indicators.
Osteoporosis
This degenerative bone disorder prospects to weak, brittle bones and deprivation of bone tissue, increasing the danger of breaks and fractures. It is a preventive non-symptomatic disorder creeps up slowly and becomes apparent in sophisticated age, especially in women.
Other types of Rheumatic Diseases
Avascular Necrosis – also recognized through the medical term, osteonecrosis
Behcet’s disorder – characterized by long-term inflammation.
Complex Regional discomfort Syndrome – CRPS, or reflex sympathetic dystrophy.
Diffuse Idiopathic Skeletal Hyperostosis – leads to calcification with the spinal disks.
Inflammatory Bowel disorder – typically accompanied by problems of arthritis and osteoporosis.
Mixed Connective Tissue illnesses – a mixture of several rheumatic diseases.
Polymyalgia Rheumatica – brought on by giant cell arteritis.
Raynaud’s Phenomenon – primarily impacts the our blood vessels, creating them to constrict.
Vasculitides – a disorder characterized by inflamed our blood vessels.

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