Q. what exactly is muscle biopsy?
A. A muscle biopsy is a minor procedure in which a small piece of muscle is taken off lower than general or local anestesia, sliced very thin, handled having a variety of stains, and examined lower than a microscope for changes that are usual of various disorders of muscle or nerve.
Q. Do individuals with muscular dystrophy sometimes feel stronger on some days and weaker on others?
A. Yes, like other people, muscular dystrophy individuals have decent and poor days.
Q.Is muscular dystrophy largely a disease of muscle, or are the nerves also affected?
A. Muscular Dystrophy is though to be primary myopathy; that is, a condition caused by diseased muscle. However, some research suggests that nerves may be also affected.
Q. are the bowel or urinary bladder included in muscular dystrophy?
A. constipation sometimes occurs in wheelchair-confined patients. otherwise the bowels are rarely impacted in disorders of muscle. Similarly, functionality with the urinary bladder is normal.
Q. Why is Duchenne muscular dystrophy also called pseudohypertrophic muscular dystrophy?
A. because numerous kids with Duchenne muscular dystrophy undergo sluggish replacement of the calf muscle tissues by fat. This fatty replacement sooner or later leads to enlargement with the calves, so-called pseudohypertrophy.
Q.Is muscular dystrophy a agonizing disease?
A.Pain is not usually associated with muscular dystrophy.
Q.Does the little one with Duchenne muscular dystrophy have trouble breathing in and swallowing?
A. usually not. If this should certainly happen, it wouldn’t be until very late in the disease.
Q.Is arthritis a section of muscular dystrophy?
A. No, though individuals with muscle disease can also have arthritis.
Q.Is there any treatment for muscular dystrophy
A. We do not know what leads to muscular dystrophy, and no treatment has still been found to right the underlying pathology or to stop the progression with the disease. Nonetheless, supportive and symptomatic assists are available; and via early diagnosis and correct therapy comfort, functional capacity, and even life expectancy can be significantly increased.
Q. Can muscular dystrophy be diagnosed by X-ray?
A. No, though certain changes (e.g. thinning of bones and increased gentle structure shadows of calves) occur secondarily to the disease.
Q. is the heart impacted in muscular dystrophy?
A. The heart is a muscle, and heart disease can be a complication of all forms of muscular dystrophy. it truly is common in Duchenne muscular dystrophy, and may be seen in limb-girdle dystrophy. It also frequently occurs in myotonic dystrophy. though uncommon in facioscapulohumeral dystrophy, it has also been found in this condition.
Q.Is mental retardation regularly found in the individual with Duchenne muscular dystrophy?
A. The incidence of mental retardation is no greater in the M.D. populace than in the complete population.
Q. What leads to deformity in muscular dystrophy?
A. it truly is the outcome of muscle weakness, which leads to secondary muscle to contracture and imbalance.
Q. Does a little one with Duchenne dystrophy need more rest than an average child
A. usually not.
Q. Is muscular dystrophy a progressive disease, or are there periods when it stops for a while and begins again?
A. The weakening method in muscular dystrophy is a continuous one, though there may be periods when the processes of normal growth and development appear to overtake the disease and also the individual appears to possess gained robustness due to this.
Q.Does muscular dystrophy have an impact on hearing, eyesight, or speech?
A. Cataracts sometimes develop in myotonic dystrophy. Otherwise, except in those uncommon problems where the muscle tissues that proceed the eye are involved, muscular dystrophy doesn’t damage eyesight. Hearing is usually unaffected. Speech may be impaired i facioscapulohumeral dystrophy where there is weakness of those facial muscle tissues controlling speech.
Q. are the muscle tissues with the arms impacted in muscular dystrophy?
A. usually not severely enough to interfere with any with the normal functions with the hand until very late in the disease.
Q. If there is no identified treatment for muscular dystrophy, why is it important that diagnosis be made early
A. For numerous reasons. First, in buy that the individual could have established access to a competent facility for attention and treatment every time a treatment becomes available. Second, in buy that adequate medical attention can be directed toward the patient, serving his physical, psychological, and social needs during the program of his disease. Third, in buy that parents and female relatives can receive genetic counselling concerning risk in future pregnancies.
Q.Of what use are blood muscle enzyme determinations in the diagnosis of muscular dystrophy
A. An elevated muscle enzyme (e.g. CPK, adolase, L.D.H.) indicates that muscle cells have been damaged. usual elevations are found in various muscle diseases, such as the muscular dystrophies.
Q. what exactly is electromyogram (EMG)?
A. An electromyogram is definitely an examination performed by inserting very fine needle electrodes into chosen muscle tissues and recording and interpreting the utility patterns that they generate at rest and during muscular contraction. usual patterns may be diagnostic of various disorders of muscle or nerve.