One hundred and two children with DMD between January 2009 and March 2011 were enrolled. DMD gene detection was carried out through the multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) in 84 cases. The level and the framework of intelligence were evaluated by chinese Wechsler Intelligence range for children (C-WISC) in 50 children with DMD (≥6 years old; DMD group) and in 50 age-and gender-matched nutritious children (control group).
RESULTS: The average intelligence quotient (IQ) was 84±21 in 102 children with DMD. Thirty patients (29.4%) experienced the total intelligence quotient (FIQ) less than 70. The FIQ, verbal intelligence quotient (VIQ), overall performance intelligence quotient (PIQ) and the scores of 11 sub-tests of intelligence in the DMD group were considerably decrease than those in the manage group (P<0.01). The IQ in patients with gene mutations at exon 56-79 was the cheapest (59.3±11.9), adopted by in patients with gene mutations at exon 45-55 (88.6±1.9), at exon 1-29 (97.5±9.6) and at exon 30-44 (102.8±3.8) (P<0.01).
CONCLUSIONS: The FIQ, VIQ and PIQ in children with DMD are decrease than those in nutritious children. there’s association between psychological retardation and gene mutations.