Muscular Dystrophy is a group of hereditary disorders (diseases that happen to be passed to from parents to children), by which the muscles with the patient turn into weaker and decrease in size and these conditions worsen with time. There is no specific age group for Muscular dystrophy condition, thus it indicate the disease can occur at almost any age, ranging from earlier childhood to grownup ages. There are countless types of muscular dystrophy that are listed below :
Becker Muscular Dystrophy
Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy
Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy
Myotonic Muscular Dystrophy
Congenital Muscular Dystrophy
Fascio-scapulo-humeral Muscular Dystrophy
Limb-Girdle Muscular Dystrophy
Muscular Dystrophy can influence any all of the muscles of the body, a group of muscles or muscles in specific area with the body, it may be observed that most with the types of muscular dystrophy impact only males whereas other impact both males and females.
Causes of Muscular Dystrophy
Muscular dystrophy does not have any causes like other diseases however it is brought on by the defects in the gene which results in no or less manufacturing of dystrophin which in turn causes different types of muscular dystrophy according to the extent of defect present in that specific gene. This disorder is X-linked which means that a carrier mother could possibly transfer the disease to her son (X-Y) even when she is not suffering from this disorder, in case of females this only happens when both the genes (X-X) present in her are defected which is very rare.
Muscular Dystrophy Symptoms
Symptoms of muscular dystrophy can appear at any age but in most of the instances the signs and symptoms are severe in younger ages, also the intensity of the signs and symptoms depends on what type of muscular dystrophy is affecting the patient.
The patient faces progressive muscle damage
The ability to maintain balance is quite poor a results in frequently falling of the patient
There is difficulty in respiration
Ptosis (drooping of eyelids) is also observed
There is partial or complete damage of engine handle of muscles, which leads to several other problems like waddling gait.
There is damage in size and strength of a single muscle or even a set of muscles.
In rare instances mental retardation has also been observed including difficulties in learning.
Signs and other associated pathological conditions
There can be observed some abnormal actual physical deformities like :
Improperly curved spine which is called scoliosis.
Contracture with the joints resulting in clubfeet or claw hands.
Abnormal tone of the muscles also can be observed like hypotonia (loss of common tone)
The condition can affect the muscle of heart which is called cardiac myopathy which results with the arrhythmias (disturbance in rhythm of heart beat).
Muscular Dystrophy Treatment
At current moment, there is no recognized effective cures or treatment present for any of the sorts of muscular dystrophy, and in most of the instances death occurs in severe sorts and in instances of milder sorts patient can take satisfaction in life with some care and support from others.
Treatment is done in order to proper associated signs like maintain the tone of muscles, avoid the joints contractions along with physiotherapy to improve the excellent of life.