Amniocentesis is a diagnostic check which is accomplished during pregnancy. it can assess whether the unborn baby (foetus) could develop, or has developed, an abnormality or serious health condition.
Factors that could increase the possibility of an abnormality include:
the mother’s age
the mother’s health care history
a family history of genetic (inherited) conditions
Amniocentesis can be employed to detect a great deal of conditions this form of as:
Down’s syndrome – a genetic condition that affects a person’s physical appearance and mental development
spina bifida – a series of birth defects that influence the development of the spine and nervous system
sickle cellular anaemia – a condition that causes unusually shaped red-colored our blood cells
Amniocentesis is accomplished right after week 15 of the pregnancy. A needle is employed to extract a sample of amniotic fluid, the fluid that surrounds the foetus (the developing baby) inside the womb (uterus). The amniotic fluid consists of cells drop on the foetus that can be examined and proven for a great deal of conditions.
Chorionic villus sampling (CVS) is an choice diagnostic check that can be accomplished during weeks ten to 13 of pregnancy.
Diagnostic tests, such as amniocentesis, are typically only offered to women of all ages when there is a significant possibility that their baby will develop a serious condition or abnormality.
This is since the system is rather invasive (involves heading into the body) and has a small connected risks of miscarriage (the loss of the pregnancy). This possibility is believed to be 1 in 100.
If amniocentesis is recommended, the healthcare professional who carries out the check will explain why they feel the system is necessary, too as the advantages and risks involved.
Diagnostic checks are voluntary, and counselling should be supplied to make it simpler to cope with the results.